â€œLakota people are some of the most written-about Indigenous people on the planet,â€ Estes says, â€œyet historians still donâ€™t know who we are.â€
â€œIndigenous history,â€ Estes says, â€œcan teach us that capitalism is neither inevitable nor natural. It shows that there were noncapitalist societies, noncapitalist nations, noncapitalist civilizations that were knocked off their developmental trajectory by colonialism.â€
The fourth invasion is the recent North American oil boom. Prior to the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, the oil industry hadnâ€™t directly impacted the Dakota and Lakota people, because there are no major oil and gas deposits within our treaty territories.
Now fracking rigs built next to their land allotments are pumping millions of gallons of water a day into the ground, contaminating the groundwater.
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The simple answer is that facts and rational arguments really arenâ€™t very good at altering peopleâ€™s beliefs
It seems our need for structure and our pattern recognition skill can be rather overactive, causing a tendency to spot patterns â€“ like constellations, clouds that looks like dogs and vaccines causing autism â€“ where in fact there are none.
Meanwhile, to avoid the backfire effect, ignore the myths. Donâ€™t even mention or acknowledge them.
We need to demand the evidence from decision makers. Ask for the data that might support a belief and hunt for the information that tests it.
In this one-hour special, Rick travels back a century to learn how fascism rose and then fell in Europe â€” taking millions of people with it.
Visit poignant sights throughout Europe relating to fascism, and talk with Europeans whose families lived through those times.